Indian RailwaysProfile

Indian Railways

Indian Railways is the life-line of nation providing transportation facility over the length and breadth of country. It’s vision is to provide efficient, affordable, customer-focused, environmentally sustainable integrated transportation solutions and to be the vehicle of inclusive growth, connecting regions, communities, ports and centers of industry, commerce, tourism and pilgrimage across the country.

Civil Engineering infrastructure is the largest static infrastructure of Indian Railways comprising of track, bridges, land, etc. Management of this huge infrastructure has to be done in accordance with the organization’s vision. Civil engineering department of Indian Railways manages and maintains all these infrastructures. Further, it has key role in the area of infrastructure development, technological leap in various fields, high speed travel and development of world class stations.


Track and Bridges

As on 31.03.2017, the route length of Indian Railways covered 67,368 kms with running track length of 93,902 kms. The total trackage including yards, sidings etc. stood at 1,21,407 kms. The table below shows the changing size of IR's electrified rail network over the years.

Year Route kms. Running Track kms. Total Track kms.#
Electrified Total Electrified Total Electrified Total
1950-51 388 53,596 937 59,315 1,253 77,609
1960-61 748 56,247 1,752 63,602 2,259 83,706
1970-71 3,706 59,790 7,447 71,669 9,586 98,546
1980-81 5,345 61,240 10,474 75,860 13,448 104,480
1990-91 9,968 62,367 18,954 78,607 25,305 108,858
2000-01 14,856 63,028 27,937 81,865 36,950 108,706
2005-06 17,907 63,332 33,540 84,370 44,815 109,808
2010-11 19,607 64,460 36,007 87,117 49,489 1,13,993
2014-15 22,224 66,030 41,038 90,803 55,266 1,17,996
2015-16 23,555 66,687 43,357 92,081 57,738 1,19,630
2016-17 25,367 67,368 48,239 93,902 62,522 1,21,407
# Includes track in yards, sidings, crossings at stations, etc.



State-wise Route Kms/ Running Kms./ Total Track Kms.:

Followings table shows Route Kms., Running Track Kms. & Total Track Kms. of railway lines across various States/Union Territories at the end of 2016-17.

State/Union Territory Route kms. Running Track kms. Total Track kms.
Andhra Pradesh 3,817 5,704 7,282
Arunachal Pradesh 12 12 26
Assam 2,440 2,552 3,450
Bihar 3,714 4,907 6,772
Chhatishgarh 1,216 2,032 2,800
Delhi 183 339 699
Goa 69 69 98
Gujarat 5,259 6,321 7,746
Haryana 1,710 2,441 3,156
Himachal Pradesh 296 301 358
Jammu & Kashmir 298 366 491
Jharkhand 2,455 3,975 6,105
Karnatka 3,424 4,361 5,417
Kerla 1,045 1,709 2,074
Madhya Pradesh 5,113 7,662 9,491
Maharashtra 5,784 8,303 11,188
Manipur 13 13 18
Meghalaya 9 9 13
Mizoram 2 2 6
Nagaland 11 11 12
Odisha 2,598 3,972 5,157
Punjab 2,269 2,744 3,603
Rajasthan 5,894 7,645 8,670
Tamil Nadu 4,028 5,358 6,606
Telangana 1,823 2,545 3,146
Tripura 203 203 256
Uttrakhand 340 400 465
Uttar Pradesh 9,167 12.563 15,588
West Bengal 4,139 7,345 10,612
Union Territory
Chandigarh 16 16 66
Puducherry 22 22 26
Total 67,368 93,902 1,21,407
# Note: The remaining States/Union Territories have no railway line.



Gauge-wise Details:

Broad gauge, though forming 91.56% of the route, generated 100% of the freight output (NTKms) and 99.22% of the passenger output (PKms).
Route length as on 31.03.2017 on each gauge, indicating double/multiple line, single line and electrified route, is given below:

Gauge Single line Double/multiple line Grand Total
Electrified Non electrified Total Electrified Non electrified Total
Broad (1676 mm) 7,190.49 32,468.77 39,659.26 18,176.79 3,844.18 22,020.97 61,680.23
Metre (1000 mm) 0 3,479.13 3,479.13 0 0 0 3,479.13
Narrow (762 mm/610 mm) 0 2,208.46 2,208.46 0 0 0 2,208.46
Total 7,190.49 38,156.36 45,346.85 18,176.79 18,176.79 22,020.97 67,367.82

Almost all Double/Multiple Track sections and Electrified Routes are Broad Gauge. Meter and Narrow Gauges are mostly single line and non-electrified. Between 1950-51 and 2016-17, traffic density (million GTKms. Per running track Km.) increased from 4.29 to 22.00 on BG.





Bridges:

As on 01.04.2017, IR has 1,44,698 bridges out of which 680 are important, 11,915 are major and 1,32,103 are minor bridges. In the year 2016-17, 753 bridges were strengthened/ rehabilitated/rebuilt.





Road Over/Under Bridges:

To improve safety of train operation and reduce inconvenience to road users, level crossings are being replaced by Road Over/Under Bridges/Subways (ROBs/RUBs) in a phased manner based on the quantum of traffic.
There are 2207 of sanctioned works of ROBs/RUBs appearing in Pink Book 2017-18 which contains 1670 ROBs and 6213 RUBs/Subways. These are at various stages of planning, estimation and execution.
During the year 2016-17, 171 ROBs and 1183 RUBs/subways have been constructed under cost sharing, railway cost/accommodation works, Deposit/BOT term and by NHAI over Indian Railway.





Level crossings:

Level crossing are meant to facilitate the smooth running of traffic in regulated manner governed by specific rules & conditions, Status of level crossings on IR as on 01.04.2017 is as under:

Total number of level crossings 27,181
Number of manned level crossings 19,480 (72%)
Number of unmanned level crossings 7,701 (28%)

Indian Railway has decided to progressively eliminate the level crossings for the safety of road users and train passengers. During the year 2016-17, 1503 Nos. of unmanned level crossings and 509 Nos. of manned level crossing have been eliminated.





Land Management:

As on 31.03.2017 Indian Railway (IR) owns about 4.76 lakh hectares of land. About 90% of this land is under Railway’ operational and allied usages such as laying of new lines, doubling, gauge conversions, track, station, workshop, staff colonies etc. The break-up of the land is as under:

Description Area
(in lakh hectares)
Tracks and structures including Stations, colonies, etc. 3.66
Afforestation 0.41
'Grow More Food' scheme 0.03
Commercial Licensing 0.04
Other uses like pisiculture 0.09
Encroachment 0.01
Vaccant land 0.52
Total 4.76